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Do you agree that there are conflicting information on GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE presented in the Tipitaka and those in Ancient India?


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Overall, are you convinced that Lord Buddha and his monks lived in the land comprising Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea, Myanmar, and Raman?


Updated: December  1, 2021


According to theTipitaka, the records of geographical information and climate, directions and distances between cities and towns in the Buddha's time, not a single case matches those found in India and Nepal.

          The Three-Season Castle in Kapilabustu: At the time, Princess Siddhatta was born, a famous and well respected  Dabot or Rishi was invited by King Siri Suddhodana to perform the Birth Blessing Ceremony. Considering the great physical attributes of the Infant, the Dabot predicted that in the future if  Prince Siddhatta entered the monkshood ,the he would get enlightenment and became a Buddha. But if  he remained unordrained, he would be a Great Emperor of the world.  To void the prophet's prediction and prevent  his son from entering the  monkhood,  King Siri Suddhodana had the Three Season Castle built to entertain his son in Summer, Rainy Seasons and Winter and preventing him from seeing the outside world.

         From this story,  Buddha's hometown should have only three seasons and should not be located in Nepal or Northern India which are located above the 24th degree parellel line and has four seasons: Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring.   The Castle should not be called Three-Season Castle.   Thailand, and neighboring countries clearly have three seasons and it was very reasonable to name the castle as such.

         Considering the location of the place claimed to be Kapilabustu in Nepal, it's above the 24th parallel line in the Tropic of Cancer, near Himalaya Mountains where the whether is generally cold.  Kapilabustu with the Three-Season Castle should not be in Nepal or even in Northern India.


         The Buddhist Lent:  The Buddhist Lent is the rainy season retreating period to be observed by Buddhist monks.  According to the Tirpitaka, Buddhist monks must stay in their temples without going to stay over nights in other places for a period of three months from mid August to early November to prevent the monks from stampeding on rice paddies and food crops.  The lent period exactly matches the same period of  time in Thailand for more than two thousand years.  But in Western India and Nepal, rainy season is during June-July.  The specification of the lent period must have been based on the climate in Thailand and its neighboring countries not in India or Nepal.

         Distances between Cities and Towns:  Distances between cities and towns in India and Nepal are totally different from those recorded in theTipitaka.  Here are a few cases of mismatch distance:

         The distance between Paranasi and Takasila is 160 kilometres while in India the distance between Vanarsi (Banaes) in Eastern India and Taxila in Western Pakistan is more than thousand kilometers;

         Rajakruh and Nalanda is 16 kilometers apart while in India, the distance between Rajakir and Nalanda is more than 260 kilometers.

Directions between Cities and Towns:

       The directions between cities and towns in the Tripitaka and those in India are also different. For example, in the tripitaka , Savathi  is in the middle of Gusinarai and Rajakrhu, but in India, Saravasti  is in the North, Gusinara in the middle between Saravasti  and Rajakrih.

Click below for details in Thai version.

Climate in Lord Buddha's Time

Distance between cities and towns


Please view scanned photographs of evidence: